Start the test:
1. Who are the Aboriginal peoples in Canada?
a. United Empire Loyalists
c. The first inhabitants of Canada
d. Immigrants from Australia
2. What are the three main groups of Aboriginal peoples?
a. First Nations, Inuit, Métis
b. Acadians, Inuit and Métis
c. First nations, French and Inuit
d. First Nations, Inuit and Acadians
3. Why are the Aboriginal peoples of Canada working towards
a. To try to obtain more seats in the House of Commons
b. To play a larger role in the political process
c. To change Bill C-31, the Indian Act
d. To regain control over decisions affecting them and manage their
4. From whom are the Métis descended?
a. English traders and First Nations women
b. French traders and First Nations women
c. Acadians and First Nations men
d. French or English traders and First Nations women
5. Why did the early explorers first come to Atlantic Canada?
a. Early explorers first came to Atlantic Canada to fish and trade with the Aboriginal peoples.
b. Early explorers first came to Atlantic Canada to acquire more land.
c. Early explorers first came to Atlantic Canada to take up farming.
d. Early explorers first came to Atlantic Canada to build a new
6. Who were the United Empire Loyalists?
a. Descendents of the first French settlers
b. People who left the United States during and after the American
c. People from the Atlantic provinces
d. An Aboriginal people
7. Where did the first European settlers in Canada come from?
c. Great Britain
8. What important trade did the Hudson's Bay Company control?
9. What did the government do to make immigration to western
Canada much easier?
a. The government built a railway across the Prairies to the Pacific
b. The government offered people money to immigrate
c. The government offered employment and language services.
d. The government paid transportation costs.
10. What year was Confederation?
11. Why is the British North America Act important in Canadian
a. It protected the basic rights and freedoms of everyone in Canada.
b. It was the first piece of federal legislation.
c. The four provinces joined together to create the new country of
d. It divided Quebec into the provinces of Upper Canada and Lower
12. Who was the first Prime Minister of Canada?
a. George Washington
b. Sir John A. Macdonald
c. Lester B. Pearson
d. Sir Wilfrid Laurier
13. Which four provinces first formed Confederation?
a. Quebec, Ontario, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia
b. Quebec, Ontario, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island
c. Newfoundland and Labrador , Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Prince
d. Quebec, Ontario
14. When is Canada day, and what do we celebrate?
a. June 24th when we celebrate multiculturalism
b. May 21st when we celebrate the Queen's birthday
c. July 4th when we celebrate the anniversary of Confederation each
d. July 1st when we celebrate the anniversary of Confederation each
15. What is the capital of Canada?
16. What song is Canada's national anthem?
a. O Canada
b. The Maple Leaf Forever
c. Land of the Silver Birch
d. The Maple Leaf Rag
17. What are the Prairie provinces?
a. Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan
b. Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta
c. Saskatoon, Manitoba, Alberta
d. British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan
18. What are the five Great Lakes?
a. Ontario, Michigan, Hudson's Bay, Huron, Superior
b. Erie, Ontario, Simcoe, Michigan, Superior
c. Erie, Ontario, Michigan, Huron, Superior
d. Erie, Ontario, Niagara, Huron, Superior
19. Where are the Canadian Rockies?
a. Along the border between British Columbia and Alberta
b. Along the border between Alberta and Manitoba
c. Along the border between Manitoba and Ontario
d. Along the border between Saskatchewan and Alberta
20. What three oceans border on Canada?
a. Atlantic, Pacific, Arctic
b. Atlantic, Antarctic, Pacific
c. Atlantic, Hudson, Pacific
d. Atlantic, Pacific, Bering
21. When did Nunavut become a territory?
22. Where are the Parliament buildings located?
23. What colour is the Canadian Flag?
a. Red and white
b. Green and white
c. Red and blue
d. Blue and white
24. What country is Canada’s largest trading partner?
b. United States
25. Which products from Southern Ontario are some of Canada's
a. Auto industry products
26. Who is Canada's Head of State?
a. The Prime Minister
b. The Governor General
c. Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II
d. The Senate
27. Who is the Queen's representative in Canada?
a. The Prime Minister's spouse
b. The Prime Minister
c. The Premier
d. The Governor General of Canada
28. What are the three levels of government in Canada?
a. Federal, provincial or territorial, municipal
b. Federal, provincial, county
c. Federal, state, municipal
d. Federal, provincial, rural
29. How are Members of Parliament chosen?
a. By the Provincial Ministers
b. By the Senate
c. By the Queen
d. By Canadians who vote in federal elections
30. How does a bill become law?
a. A bill becomes law after two readings in the House of Commons
b. Once a majority of Members of Parliament and senators have
approved a bill, the Governor General gives final approval and the
bill becomes law.
c. A bill becomes law after four readings in the House of Commons
d. The Governor General approves all bills and they become law after
31. How are Senators chosen?
a. Appointed by the Queen
b. By the Premiers of all the provinces
c. By the voters
d. By the Prime Minister and appointed by the Governor General
32. What is Canada's system of government called?
a. Parliamentary government
c. Democratic process
d. Benevolent dictatorship
33. What are the three parts of Parliament?
a. The Queen, House of Commons, Senate
b. The Queen, Governor General, Prime Minister
c. Prime Minister, House of Commons, Senate
d. The Prime Minister, Premiers, House of Commons
34. How many electoral districts are there in Canada?
35. When did the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms
become part of the Canadian Constitution?
36. Which legal document recognizes the cultural diversity of
a. Canadian Multiculturalism Act
b. British North America Act
c. Declaration of Independence
d. Charter of Right and Freedoms
37. What is the name of the Prime Minister of Canada?
a. Don Cherry
b. Stockwell Day
c. Adrienne Clarkson
d. Stephen Harper
38. What do you call a law before it is passed?
a. A legal document
b. A new proposal
c. A bill
d. A debate
39. Who has the right to vote in federal elections?
a. Canadian citizens and landed immigrants
b. Canadian citizens who are over 20 years old
c. Canadian citizens or anyone at least 18 years old who works for
d. Canadian citizens who are at least 18 years old
40. What do you mark on a federal election ballot?
a. Write a “O” in the circle beside the name of your chosen candidate
b. Write the name of the chosen candidate
c. Write an “X” in the circle beside the name of your chosen
d. Write an “!” in the circle beside the name of your chosen candidate
41. Who do members of Parliament represent?
a. Everyone who lives in his/her electoral district
b. Everyone on the voters' list
c. Everyone who voted for that person
d. The Prime Minister
42. How is the Prime Minister chosen?
a. The Prime Minister is chosen by the Governor General
b. The Prime Minister is chosen by the Members of Parliament
c. The Prime Minister is chosen by the Members of Provincial
d. The leader of the party with the most elected representatives
becomes the Prime Minister
43. What is the role of the opposition parties?
a. To introduce new bills into parliament
b. To oppose or try to improve government proposals
c. To help the Prime Minister pass bills
d. To oppose by-laws
44. What is the population of Canada?
a. 31 million
b. 25 million
c. 20 million
d. 15 million
45. What is the name of the Governor General?
a. Michaëlle Jean
b. Anne Murray
c. Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II
d. Hilary Weston
46. Which province has the most bilingual Canadians?.
c. New Brunswick
d. Nova Scotia
47. What are the two official languages of Canada?
a. English and Italian
b. Italian and French
c. English and Scottish
d. English and French
48. Which was the last province to join Canada?
a. Nova Scotia
c. New Brunswick
d. Newfoundland and Labrador
49. What is the Canadian Constitution?
a. The system of laws and conventions by which Canadians govern
b. The Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms
c. The British North America Act
d. Canada Day
50. Who is the Premier of Ontario?
a. Premier Ernie Eves
b. Premier Dalton McGuinty
c. Premier Mel Lastman
d. Premier Howard Hampton
51. Which political party is in power in Ontario?
a. The New Democratic Party
b. The Progressive Conservative Party
c. The Green Party
d. The Liberal Party
52. What is the name of the Lieutenant Governor of Ontario?
a. James K. Bartleman
b. David Onley
c. Anne Murray
d. Adrienne Clarkson
53. What is the name of mayor of Toronto?
a. David Miller
b. Julian Fantino
c. Mel Lastman
d. Don Cherry
54. What level of government passes "by-laws"?
55. What will you promise when you take the Oath of
a. Pledge allegiance to the flag and fulfill the duties of a Canadian
b. Promise to observe the laws of Canada
c. Pledge to be faithful to the Queen
d. Pledge allegiance to the Queen, observe the laws of Canada and
fulfill the duties of a Canadian
1c, 2a, 3d, 4d, 5a, 6b, 7b, 8d, 9a, 10c, 11c, 12b, 13a, 14d, 15a,
16a, 17b, 18c, 19a, 20a, 21b, 22c, 23a, 24b, 25a, 26c, 27d, 28a, 29d, 30b, 31d, 32a, 33a, 34c, 35c, 36a, 37d, 38c, 39d, 40c, 41a, 42d, 43b, 44a, 45a, 46b, 47d, 48d, 49a, 50b, 51d, 52b, 53a, 54d, 55d.